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Error Code P0488 is defined as Exhaust Gas Recirculation Throttle Control Circuit “A” Range/Performance. This means the vehicle’s computer has discovered a problem with the rate of flow of the EGR system.
This code is a generic trouble code, which means it applies to all vehicles equipped with OBD-II scanner, or vehicles made since 1996 up to present. It is, however, more common among Mazda and Mercedes Benz vehicles. Specifications on the definition, troubleshooting and repairs, of course, vary from one make/model to another.
The valve is located between the intake manifold and the air filter, similar to the throttle body. It works by making a small vacuum to draw exhaust gas into the intake manifold. The PCM (powertrain control module, also known as ECM or engine control module in other vehicle makes) tells the EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) throttle control valve where it should position itself. Error Code P0488 could be set due to mechanical or electrical issues.
As with other error codes, this code activates the Check Engine light and registers the code to the vehicle’s memory system.
In some cases, the vehicle may experience after-treatment regeneration times that longer than normal. This means longer time for the exhaust system to get hot and burn off the soot that has built up inside the diesel particulate filter or catalytic converter.
Few factors potentially lead to this error code, such as:
- Clogged DPFE sensor passages and EGR passages
- Defective MAP sensor
- Defective EGR sensor, EGR valve, or EGR control solenoid.
- Broken vacuum line
- Defective electrical wiring or connectors
- Internally shorted EGR throttle control valve faulty
- Defective PCM
How to Check
A good starting point for the diagnosis of this code is checking with the TSB (technical service bulletin) for the specific vehicle in question. Many times, the issue can be a known issue, with a known fix provided by the manufacturer, which could save you time and money for diagnosis and repair.
Next step is to locate the EGR throttle control valve, which is placed between the intake manifold and the air filter, similar to the throttle body. Once found, check the connectors and look for signs of damage such as burn spots, bare wires, rubbing, scraping, or melted plastic. Carefully pull the connectors apart and check the terminals (including the metal parts) inside the connectors. Look for signs of a burned component and check for green tint as it indicates corrosion. If necessary, clean the terminals using electrical contact cleaner and plastic bristle brush. Let it dry and then apply dielectric silicone grease where the terminals contact.
Using a scan tool, clear the diagnostic code from the memory and see if the code returns. If the code does NOT return, then that means there’s a connection problem.
If the code DOES return, test the EGR control valve and all associated circuits. Usually, there are either 3 or 4 wires at the EGR control valve. Disconnect the EGR throttle control valve’s harness. Then use DVOM (digital volt-ohmmeter) to test the EGR throttle control signal circuit. (Red lead to the valve’s signal circuit, black lead to a good ground). If there is no 5 volts to the valve, or if you see 12 volts at the valve, then repair the wiring from the PCM to the valve. This could also mean a bad PCM.
If that’s OK, then check for ground at the EGR throttle control valve. Use a test light to 12V battery positive (red terminal) and touch the other end of the test light to the ground circuit going to the EGR throttle control valve circuit ground. If the test light does NOT light up, then there’s a problem in your circuit. If it DOES light up, wiggle the wiring harness going to the EGR throttle control valve to see if the test light flickers, indicating an intermittent connection.
Over time, the carbon builds up inside the engine, causing blockage and clogging. You can remove the EGR valve; if it fails to run with only vacuum pressure, then you must replace your EGR valve.
How to Fix
Depending on your diagnosis, the repairs include:
- Clean the terminals and connectors
- Repair the wiring from the PCM to the valve
- Clean clogged EGR passages
- Repair open or shorted connectors
- Repair or replace EGR valve
- Repair or replace and update PCM
If all after all these tests have passed and you still continue to get the error code P0488, this would most likely indicate a failed EGR throttle control valve, although a failed PCM could not be ruled out until the EGR throttle control valve had been replaced.