Error Code P0621 is defined as Generator Lamp “L” Control Circuit Malfunction, meaning there’s a malfunction detected in the generator lamp “L” control circuit, usually caused by defective generator or corroded wires.
This is a generic trouble code, meaning it applies to all vehicles equipped with the OBD-II system, especially those made since 1996 up to present. This is usually common among Chevrolet, GMC, Opel, Pontiac, Porsche, and Saturn. Specifications on the definition, troubleshooting, and repairs, of course, vary from make, model, and powertrain configuration.
When Error Code P0621 is detected, this means the PCM (powertrain control module, also known as ECM or engine control module in other vehicle makes) has determined a malfunction with the generator lamp control circuit. The L simply means the lamp control circuit.
The generator lamp is housed in the instrument panel. Its main purpose is to warn the driver of potential problems with the charging system when it lights up.
The PCM usually monitors the continuity of the generator lamp control circuit every time the engine is working. The generator lamp control circuit is very important for the operation of the generator and maintaining battery charge levels.
Every time the ignition is on and the PCM is energized, both the APP sensor and TPS self-tests will commence. Aside from running the internal controller self-test, the CAN (controller area network) also compares signals from each individual module to ensure that each controller is running correctly. These tests are simultaneously performed.
If there’s a problem detected in the monitoring of generator lamp circuit, then it will activate the Error Code P0621 and activate the Check Engine light. Depending on the severity of the condition, it may take multiple failure cycles before the Check Engine light lights up.
This code shows a number of drivability issues, such as:
- Engine drivability issues
- Engine stalling when idling
- Inadvertent engine shutoff
- Delayed engine cranking (especially if it’s cold)
Other codes may be stored.
- Defective alternator/generator
- PCM programming error
- Open or shorted generator lamp control circuit
- Failed generator lamp bulb
How to Check
As with most error codes, diagnosing this fault requires a diagnostic scanner, battery/alternator tester, DVOM (digital volt/ohmmeter), and a reliable vehicle information source.
Look for the vehicle information from the TSB (technical service bulletin) that is parallel with the code stored, vehicle (year, make, and model), engine, and symptoms. If you find the right TSB, then this will give you the correct diagnostic information.
Start the diagnosis by connecting the scanner to the vehicle’s diagnostic port and retrieve all stored codes, as well as their freeze frame data. You may write this information down, in case the problem proves to be intermittent. After recording necessary data, clear the codes and then take the vehicle for a test drive until the code resets, or the PCM enters readiness mode. If the PCM enters Readiness Mode, that means the code is intermittent, and the problem must develop further before you can accurately diagnose and do the necessary repair.
Then, test the battery using battery/alternator and make sure it’s charged sufficiently. If it’s not, then test the alternator/generator. Make sure you follow the specifications and instructions set by the manufacturer and the maximum voltage output requirements for the alternator and battery. If the alternator/generator is not charging, then go to the next step.
Use vehicle information source to obtain component locations, connector face views, connector pin-out charts, wiring diagram, and diagnostic flow chart related to your vehicle’s error code.
Then, use the DVOM to the test controller power supply fuses and relays. Next, test and replace any blown fuses as necessary. Fuses must be tested with circuit loaded.
If all fuses and relays are running well, check whether the controller related wiring and harness are in order. You may also want to check chassis and engine ground junctions. Again, use your vehicle information source to obtain ground locations as related circuits. Test ground integrity using the DVOM.
Then, check the system controllers for any signs of water, heat, or collision damage. Any controller that is damaged, especially by water, is considered defective and must be replaced.
If controller power and ground circuits are intact, then there’s a good chance the controller is defective, or there’s a programming error in the controller. Thus, controller replacement requires reprogramming. In some cases, you may want to get aftermarket reprogrammed controllers. Some vehicles and controllers require on-board reprogramming that may be done only through the dealership or a qualified shop.
How to Fix
Depending on your diagnosis, common repairs for this code include:
- Repair or replacement of faulty connections or wirings
- Replacement of corroded, damaged, or disconnected wires, connectors, or other components
In some cases, this code may be accompanied by other error codes. These codes should be taken care of in order of their appearance.
This code could be a potentially serious problem for your vehicle, as it causes performance and safety issues such as stalling, problems shifting, and trouble when accelerating. Thus, it must be fixed as soon as possible.